Department of
Biological Sciences

Professor, PhD
Jarl Giske

Peer-Reviewed Articles 

Budaev S, Dumitru ML, Enberg K, Handeland SO, Higginson AD, Kristiansen TS, Opdal AF, Railsback SF, Rønnestad I, Vollset KW, Mangel M, Giske J. 2024.
Premises for a digital twin of the Atlantic salmon in its world: agency, robustness, subjectivity, and prediction
Aquaculture, Fish and Fisheries. 4: e153. [ doi:10.1002/aff2.153 ] [ open access ] [ pdf ]
Jensen CH, Weidner J, Giske J, Jørgensen C, Eliassen S, Mennerat A. 2023.
Adaptive host responses to infection can resemble parasitic manipulation
Ecology and Evolution. 13: e10318. [ doi:10.1002/ece3.10318 ] [ open access ] [ pdf ]
Wilson JA, Giske J. 2023.
Does fishing dismantle fish culture and ecosystem structure? Questions about the implications of social learning among fish and fishers
Fish and Fisheries. 24: 889-895. [ doi:10.1111/faf.12755 ] [ open access ] [ pdf ]
Jensen CH, Weidner J, Giske J, Budaev S, Jørgensen C, Eliassen S. 2021.
Hormonal adjustments to future expectations impact growth and survival in juvenile fish
Oikos. 130: 41-51. [ doi:10.1111/oik.07483 ] [ pdf ] [ Code on Github ]
Budaev S, Kristiansen TS, Giske J, Eliassen S. 2020.
Computational animal welfare: towards cognitive architecture models of animal sentience, emotion and wellbeing
Royal Society Open Science. 7: 201886. [ doi:10.1098/rsos.201886 ] [ open access ] [ pdf ]
Grimm V, Railsback SF, Vincenot CE, Berger U, Gallagher C, DeAngelis DL, Edmonds B, Ge J, Giske J, Groeneveld J, Johnston ASA, Milles A, Nabe-Nielsen J, Polhill JG, Radchuk V, Rohwäder M-S, Stillman RA, Thiele JC, Ayllón D. 2020.
The ODD protocol for describing agent-based and other simulation models: A second update to improve clarity, replication, and structural realism
Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation. 23(2): 7. [ doi:10.18564/jasss.4259 ] [ open access ] [ pdf ]
Weidner J, Jensen CH, Giske J, Eliassen S, Jørgensen C. 2020.
Hormones as adaptive control systems in juvenile fish
Biology Open. 9: bio046144. [ doi:10.1242/bio.046144 ] [ open access ] [ pdf ] [ Interview with Jacqueline ]
Budaev S, Jørgensen C, Mangel M, Eliassen S, Giske J. 2019.
Decision-making from the animal perspective: Bridging ecology and subjective cognition
Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. 7: 164. [ doi:10.3389/fevo.2019.00164 ] [ open access ] [ pdf ]
Budaev S, Giske J, Eliassen S. 2018.
AHA: A general cognitive architecture for Darwinian agents
Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures. 25: 51-57. [ doi:10.1016/j.bica.2018.07.009 ] [ open access ] [ pdf ]
Andersen BS, Jørgensen C, Eliassen S, Giske J. 2016.
The proximate architecture for decision-making in fish
Fish and Fisheries. 17: 680-695. [ doi:10.1111/faf.12139 ] [ open access ] [ pdf ]
Eliassen S, Andersen BS, Jørgensen C, Giske J. 2016.
From sensing to emergent adaptations: Modelling the proximate architecture for decision-making
Ecological Modelling. 326: 90-100. [ doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2015.09.001 ] [ open access ] [ pdf ]
Folkvord A, Gundersen G, Albretsen A, Asplin L, Kaartvedt S, Giske J. 2016.
Impact of hatch date on early life growth and survival of Mueller’s pearlside (Maurolicus muelleri) larvae and life-history consequences
Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 73: 163-176. [ doi:10.1139/cjfas-2015-0040 ] [ open access ] [ pdf ]
Ni Y, Eskeland G, Giske J, Hansen JP. 2016.
The global potential for carbon capture and storage from forestry
Carbon Balance and Management. [ doi:10.1186/s13021-016-0044-y ] [ open access ] [ pdf ]
Stillman RA, Railsback SF, Giske J, Berger U, Grimm V. 2015.
Making predictions in a changing world: the benefits of individual-based ecology
BioScience. 65: 140-150. [ doi:10.1093/biosci/biu192 ] [ open access ] [ pdf ]
Thingstad TF, Pree B, Giske J, Våge S. 2015.
What difference does it make if viruses are strain-, rather than species-specific?
Frontiers in Microbiology. 6: 320. [ doi:10.3389/fmicb.2015.00320 ] [ open access ] [ pdf ]
Giske J, Eliassen S, Fiksen Ø, Jakobsen PJ, Aksnes DL, Mangel M, Jørgensen C. 2014.
The emotion system promotes diversity and evolvability
Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences. 281: 20141096. [ doi:10.1098/rspb.2014.1096 ] [ open access ] [ pdf ] [ fortran code for model at ]
Godø OR, Handegard NO, Browman HI, Macaulay GJ, Kaartvedt S, Giske J, Ona E, Huse G, Johnsen E. 2014.
Marine ecosystem acoustics (MEA): quantifying processes in the sea at the spatio-temporal scales on which they occur
ICES Journal of Marine Science. 71: 2357-2369. [ doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsu116 ] [ pdf ]
Thingstad TF, Våge S, Storesund JE, Sandaa R-A, Giske J. 2014.
A theoretical analysis of how strain-specific viruses can control microbial species diversity
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 111: 7813-7818. [ doi:10.1073/pnas.1400909111 ]
Våge S, Storesund JE, Giske J, Thingstad TF. 2014.
Optimal defense strategies in an idealized microbial food web under trade-off between competition and defense
PLoS ONE. 9: e0101415. [ doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0101415 ] [ open access ] [ pdf ]
Castellani M, Våge S, Strand E, Thingstad TF, Giske J. 2013.
The Scaled Subspaces Method: A new trait-based approach to model communities of populations with largely inhomogeneous density
Ecological Modelling. 251: 173-186. [ doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.12.006 ] [ pdf ]
Giske J, Eliassen S, Fiksen Ø, Jakobsen PJ, Aksnes DL, Jørgensen C, Mangel M. 2013.
Effects of the emotion system on adaptive behavior
American Naturalist. 182: 689-703. [ doi:10.1086/673533 ] [ open access ] [ pdf ] [ popularized version ]
Våge S, Castellani M, Giske J, Thingstad TF. 2013.
Successful strategies in size structured mixotrophic food webs
Aquatic Ecology. 47: 329-347. [ doi:10.1007/s10452-013-9447-y ] [ pdf ]
Vincenzi S, Crivelli A, Giske J, Satterthwaite W, Mangel M. 2012.
Selective consequences of catastrophes for growth rates in a stream-dwelling salmonid
Oecologia. 168: 393-404. [ doi:10.1007/s00442-011-2096-8 ] [ pdf ]
Grimm V, Berger U, DeAngelis DL, Polhill JG, Giske J, Railsback SF. 2010.
The ODD protocol: A review and first update
Ecological Modelling. 221: 2760-2768. [ doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2010.08.019 ] [ pdf ]
Eliassen S, Jørgensen C, Mangel M, Giske J. 2009.
Quantifying the adaptive value of learning in foraging behaviour
American Naturalist. 174: 478-489. [ doi:10.1086/605370 ] [ pdf ]
Giske J. 2008.
Benefitting from bibliometry
Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics. 8: 79-81. [ pdf ]
Eliassen S, Jørgensen C, Mangel M, Giske J. 2007.
Exploration or exploitation: life expectancy changes the value of learning in foraging strategies
Oikos. 116: 513-523. [ doi:10.1111/j.2006.0030-1299.15462.x ] [ pdf ]
Eliassen S, Jørgensen C, Giske J. 2006.
Co-existence of learners and stayers maintains the advantage of social foraging
Evolutionary Ecology Research. 8: 1311-1324. [ pdf ]
Grimm V, Berger U, Bastiansen F, Eliassen S, Ginot V, Giske J, Goss-Custard J, Grand T, Heinz SK, Huse G, Huth A, Jepsen JU, Jørgensen C, Mooij WM, Müller B, Pe’er G, Piou C, Railsback SF, Robbins AM, Robbins MM, Rossmanith E, Rüger N, Strand E, Souissi S, Stillman RA, Vabø R, Visser U, DeAngelis DL. 2006.
A standard protocol for describing individual-based and agent-based models
Ecological Modelling. 198: 115-156. [ doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2006.04.023 ] [ pdf ]
Giske J, Mangel M, Jakobsen P, Huse G, Wilcox C, Strand E. 2003.
Explicit trade-off rules in proximate adaptive agents
Evolutionary Ecology Research. 5: 835-865. [ pdf ]
Fiksen Ø, Aksnes DL, Flyum MH, Giske J. 2002.
The influence of turbidity on growth and survival of fish larvae: a numerical analysis
Hydrobiologia. 484: 49-59. [ pdf ]
Strand E, Huse G, Giske J. 2002.
Artificial evolution of life history and behavior
American Naturalist. 159: 624-644. [ pdf ]
Giske J, Huse G, Berntsen J. 2001.
Spatial modelling for marine resource management, with a focus on fish
Sarsia. 86: 405-410. [ pdf ]
Huse G, Strand E, Giske J. 1999.
Implementing behaviour in individual-based models using neural networks and genetic algorithms
Evolutionary Ecology. 13: 469-483. [ pdf ]
Nøttestad L, Giske J, Holt JC, Huse G. 1999.
A length based hypothesis for feeding migrations in pelagic fish
Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 56 (Suppl. 1): 26-34. [ pdf ]
Giske J, Huse G, Fiksen Ø. 1998.
Modelling spatial dynamics of fish
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries. 8: 57-91. [ pdf ]
Huse G, Giske J. 1998.
Ecology in Mare Pentium: An individual-based spatio-temporal model for fish with adapted behaviour
Fisheries Research. 37: 163-178. [ pdf ]
Eiane K, Aksnes DL, Giske J. 1997.
The significance of optical properties in competition among visual and tactile planktivores: A theoretical study
Ecological Modelling. 98: 123-136. [ pdf ]
Giske J, Rosland R, Berntsen J, Fiksen Ø. 1997.
Ideal free distribution of copepods under predation risk
Ecological Modelling. 95: 45-59. [ pdf ]
Rosland R, Giske J. 1997.
A dynamic model for the life history of Maurolicus muelleri, a pelagic planktivorous fish
Fisheries Oceanography. 6: 19-34. [ pdf ]
Mangel M, Talbot LM, Meffe GK, Agardy MT, Alverson DL, Barlow J, Botkin DB, Budowski G, Clark T, Cooke J, Crozier RH, Dayton PK, Elder DL, Fowler CW, Funtowicz S, Giske J, Hofman RJ, Holt SJ, Kellert SR, Kimball LA, Ludwig D, Magnusson K, Malayang BS, Mann C, Norse EA, Northridge SP, Perrin WF, Perrings C, Peterman RM, Rabb GB, Regier HA, Reynolds JE, Sherman K, Sissenwine MP, Smith TD, Starfield A, Taylor RJ, Tillman MF, Toft C, Twiss Jr. JR, J. W, Young TP. 1996.
Principles for the conservation of wild living resources
Ecological Applications. 6: 338-362. [ pdf ]
Fiksen Ø, Giske J. 1995.
Vertical distribution and population dynamics of copepods by dynamic optimization
Ices Journal of Marine Science. 52: 483-503. [ pdf ]
Fiksen Ø, Giske J, Slagstad D. 1995.
A spatially explicit fitness based model of capelin migrations in the Barents Sea
Fisheries Oceanography. 4: 193-208. [ pdf ]
Giske J, Salvanes AGV. 1995.
Why pelagic planktivores should be unselective feeders
Journal of Theoretical Biology. 173: 41-50. [ pdf ]
Goodson MS, Giske J, Rosland R. 1995.
Growth and ovarian development of Maurolicus muelleri during spring
Marine Biology. 124: 185-195. [ pdf ]
Salvanes AGV, Aksnes DL, Fosså JH, Giske J. 1995.
Simulated carrying capacities of fish in Norwegian fjords
Fisheries Oceanography. 4: 17-32. [ pdf ]
Salvanes AGV, Aksnes DL, Giske J. 1995.
A surface-dependent gastric evacuation model for fish
Journal of Fish Biology. 47: 679-695. [ pdf ]
Giske J, Aksnes DL, Fiksen Ø. 1994.
Visual predators, environmental variables and zooplankton mortality risk
Vie et Milieu. 44: 1-9. [ pdf ]
Rasmussen OI, Giske J. 1994.
Life-history parameters and vertical distribution of Maurolicus muelleri in Masfjorden in summer
Marine Biology. 120: 649-664. [ pdf ]
Rosland R, Giske J. 1994.
A dynamic optimization model of the diel vertical distribution of a pelagic planktivorous fish
Progress in Oceanography. 34: 1-43. [ pdf ]
Salvanes AGV, Giske J, Nordeide JT. 1994.
A life-history approach to habitat shifts for coastal cod (Gadus morhua L.)
Aquaculture and Fisheries Management. 25 (Suppl 1): 215-228. [ pdf ]
Aksnes DL, Giske J. 1993.
A theoretical model of aquatic visual feeding
Ecological Modelling. 67: 233-250. [ pdf ]
Giske J, Aksnes DL, Førland B. 1993.
Variable generation times and Darwinian fitness measures
Evolutionary Ecology. 7: 233-239. [ pdf ]
Utne ACW, Aksnes DL, Giske J. 1993.
Food, predation risk and shelter - an experimental study on the distribution of adult two-spotted Goby Gobiusculus flavescens (Fabricius)
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 166: 203-216. [ pdf ]
Giske J, Aksnes DL. 1992.
Ontogeny, season and trade-offs: vertical distribution of the mesopelagic fish Maurolicus muelleri
Sarsia. 77: 253-261. [ pdf ]
Giske J, Skjoldal HR, Aksnes DL. 1992.
A conceptual model of distribution of capelin in the Barents Sea
Sarsia. 77: 147-156. [ pdf ]
Salvanes AGV, Aksnes DL, Giske J. 1992.
Ecosystem model for evaluating potential cod production in a west Norwegian fjord
Marine Ecology-Progress Series. 90: 9-22. [ pdf ]
Giske J, Aksnes DL, Lie U, Wakili SM. 1991.
Computer simulation of pelagic production in Masfjorden, western Norway, and its consequences for production of released 0-group cod
ICES Marine Science Symposia. 192: 161-175. [ pdf ]
Aksnes DL, Giske J. 1990.
Habitat profitability in pelagic environments
Marine Ecology-Progress Series. 64: 209-215. [ doi:10.3354/meps064209 ] [ pdf ]
Giske J, Aksnes DL, Baliño BM, Kaartvedt S, Lie U, Nordeide JT, Salvanes AGV, Wakili SM, Aadnesen A. 1990.
Vertical distribution and trophic interactions of zooplankton and fish in Masfjorden, Norway
Sarsia. 75: 65-81. [ pdf ]


Giske J, Jakobsen P. 2007.
Evolusjon og økologi - en innføring. 2. utgave [In Norwegian]

Book Chapters 

Bauer S, Nolet BA, Giske J, Chapman JW, Åkesson S, Hedenström A, Fryxell JM. 2011.
Cues and decision rules in animal migration
Pages 68-87 in Animal Migration, edited by Fryxell JM, Milner-Gulland EJ, Sinclair T. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [ pdf ]
Huse G, Giske J. 2004.
Utilizing different levels of adaptation in individual-based modeling
Pages 511-525 in Dealing with scales in aquatic ecology: measurements, analysis, simulation, edited by Seuront L, Strutton PG. CRC Press. [ pdf ]
Thingstad TF, Giske J. 2003.
Models and functioning of marine ecosystems
In Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems. UNESCO and EOLSS.
Huse G, Giske J, Salvanes AGV. 2002.
Individual-based modelling
Pages 228-248 in Handbook of Fish and Fisheries, edited by Hart PJB, Reynolds JD. Blackwell Science.
Mangel M, Fiksen Ø, Giske J. 2001.
Theoretical and statistical models in natural resource management and research
Pages 57-72 in Modeling in natural resource management. Development, interpretation and application, edited by Shenk TM, Franklin AB. Washington, DC: Island Press. [ pdf ]
Carlotti F, Giske J, Werner F. 2000.
Modeling zooplankton dynamics
Pages 571-667 in ICES zooplankton methodology manual, edited by Harris R, Wiebe P, Lenz J, Skjoldal HR, Huntley M. Academic Press. [ pdf ]
Giske J, Salvanes AGV. 1999.
A model of enhancement potentials in open ecosystems
Pages 22-36 in Stock enhancement and sea ranching, edited by Howell BR, Moksnes E, Svåsand T. Blackwell. [ pdf ]
Giske J. 1998.
Evolutionary models for fisheries management
Pages 377-386 in Re-inventing Fisheries Management, edited by Pitcher T, Hart PJB, Pauly D. Chapman & Hall. [ pdf ]
Giske J, Skjoldal HR, Slagstad D. 1998.
Ecological modelling for fisheries
Pages 11-68 in Models for multispecies management, edited by Rødseth T. Heidelberg: Physica Verlag. [ pdf ]

Popular Science Writing 

Webmaster:  Christian Jørgensen.