Our goal is to describe the function and dynamics of individuals, populations, and ecosystems as emerging from adaptations to current and changing environments. Our toolbox centers on computer models that couple the environment, ecology, and evolution, and we compare to data where possible. This enables formulation of new hypotheses and refined expectations, based on a richer and deeper understanding of organisms as well as their interactions and effects.
| || Trait-based Marine Ecosystem Models |
Traditionally, ecosystem models represent a few important 'functional' groups of organisms, ignoring the biodiversity of nature. Trait-based models take a different approach where organisms are characterised as continuums of traits, andwinners are determined by a process resembling natural selection.
| || Animal Decision Making |
Since 1990 we have been involved in modeling decision-making, particularly in fish and plankton. We have been using Life History Theory, Game Theory and State-Dependent Optimization to model both short-term and life-history decisions.
More recently, we have been using Genetic Algorithms to evolve adaptive behaviors in Individual-Based Models, with a focus on the architecure for decision-making in individuals.
| || Evolution of Mating Systems |
How may mating strategies affect parental investment and cooperation? Using theoretical models of common ecological mechanisms we study how extra-pair mating may trigger male-male cooperation in predator defence and sharing of resources. This provides an adaptive explanation for female promiscuity and a new hypothesis for the evolution of cooperation.
| || Evolution in Fisheries Science |
Industrial fishing is the main source of mortality for many commercially harvested
fish stocks, and there is increasing concern that this will cause evolutionary changes
in the fish species themselves. We use models as a virtual
laboratory to study fish evolution. By varying the external pressures, such as fishing,
we simulate fish evolution to assess ecological and economical consequences.
| || Fish Larval Ecology |
Larval fish ecology is a theme connecting oceanography and plankton ecology to fisheries science. We have a long-standing tradition in developing state-of-the-art models on larval fish foraging and behaviour.